- Jigsaw Task: A jigsaw task is a cooperative learning activity where students are divided into groups, and each group is assigned different parts of information. The students within each group become experts on their assigned information and then come together with members from other groups to share their knowledge and complete a larger task.Example: In a jigsaw task about a historical event, each group could be assigned different aspects, such as the causes, major figures, consequences, and timeline. After becoming experts on their topic, students from different groups can form new groups with one member from each initial group to share their findings and collectively present a comprehensive overview of the event.
- Information-Gap Task: An information-gap task involves pairs of students where one student possesses information that the other doesn’t, and they must communicate to exchange the missing information and complete a task.Example: In an information-gap task focused on practicing directions, Student A has a map and Student B has a set of directions. Student A has to describe the route to a specific location to Student B, who then follows the instructions to find the destination.
- Problem-Solving Task: A problem-solving task requires students to work together to analyze a situation, identify challenges, and devise solutions or responses to the given problem.Example: Students are presented with a hypothetical scenario in which they need to plan a budget for a week-long vacation. They have to consider accommodation, transportation, meals, and entertainment within a specific budget constraint, encouraging them to make informed decisions and collaborate on finding the best solutions.
- Decision-Making Task: In a decision-making task, students are presented with a scenario and are required to make choices based on given information or personal preferences, and then explain and justify their decisions.Example: Students are given a list of potential community service projects and have to individually choose one to support. They need to explain why they chose a particular project based on factors like personal interest, impact on the community, and available resources.
- Opinion Exchange Task: An opinion exchange task encourages students to express and discuss their viewpoints on a specific topic, often involving debates, discussions, or persuasive presentations.Example: Students are asked to research and prepare arguments for or against a particular environmental policy. They then engage in a structured debate where they present their viewpoints and engage in respectful discussions with classmates who hold opposing perspectives.
These task types promote active engagement, collaboration, critical thinking, and effective communication among students while enhancing their language skills in a meaningful context.